**High Poverty Levels Depress School
Performance of All Students—III**

The data and
graphs in this section—ED 1723-- and the previous one—ED 0423—demonstrate how not
only does higher percentages of FRPL or economically disadvantaged (ED)
students depress test results, but increases in ED%s between two years
contributes to the negative impact on test results. There are some school
districts, such as Austin ISD, where some school actually experienced decreases
in ED%. When these effects were
substantial, the percentages of White non-Hispanic students increased.

The program
linked to at the left—ED 1723 contains graphs and data for Texas elementary and
middle schools that have been in operation since 2017. Data and visuals presented will emphasize the
changes in (a) percent of economically disadvantaged students (FRPL) between
2017 and 2023; (b) changes in enrollment of White students on those campuses;
(c) changes in enrollment of Hispanic students on those campuses.

The graph
that appears on the right-hand side of the screen plots each school on the
basis of the percentage of FRPL students (ED%) in each of the years, 2017 and
2023. Schools that lie above the
45-degree diagonal line increased in the percentage of FRPL students during
that period. Schools lying below that
line experienced decreases in the percentages of FRPL students. In most of these latter cases it is likely
that the attendance zones of these schools experienced changes referred to as
gentrification. Austin ISD is one of the
districts that shows numerous such schools.
In many other districts, in contrast, there were no schools that
experienced decreases in FRPL students.
Many districts experienced very large increases in FRPL students at all
of their schools. Mesquite ISD is an example of one of these.

The graph on
the left plots the percentages of students in each school who “Meets Grade
Level” criteria in all grades, all subjects for school year 2022-23. The percentage of FRPL students is shown on
the horizontal axis for the same year.

Click on “**Display
interactive graphs**” to the left to initiate the program.